White Sands Missile Range

United States Army Test and Evaluation Command

329 Owen Road, White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002

Army Star


White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) is a United States Army military testing area that spans across 3,200 square miles and five counties in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico. The headquarters area is 20 miles east of Las Cruces, New Mexico and 45 miles north of El Paso, Texas.  WSMR is the DoD’s largest, fully-instrumented, open air range. On 9 July 1945, the White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long range rockets. Just seven days later, the first atomic bomb test, code named Trinity, was exploded at Trinity Site near the northern boundary of the range.

The mission of White Sands Missile Range is to provide America’s Armed Forces, allies, partners, and defense technology innovators with the world’s premiere research, development, test, evaluation (RDT&E), experimentation, and training facilities to ensure our nation’s defense readiness.


The White Sands Test Center has branches for Manned Tactical Systems & Electromagnetic Radiation and conducts missile testing and range recovery operations. There are several other operations on WSMR land including the Launch Abort Flight Test Complex for the Orion Project, White Sands Launch Complex 37, built for Nike Hercules tests, White Sands Launch Complex 38, built for Nike Zeus tests with Launch Control Building, WSMR Main Post that encompasses the housing area, golf course, Navy Area, and Technical Area, WSMR Museum, White Sands Hall of Fame, DoD Centers for Countermeasures (CCM), NASA White Sands Test Facility’s ground station, and the North Oscura Peak facility of the AFRL Directed Energy Directorate.


There are approximately 5,900 Active Duty, Reserve, Guard, military families, civilians, and retirees assigned to White Sands Missile Range.



The closest airport is El Paso International Airport located approximately 114 miles from Headquarters.

Directions from El Paso International Airport:

  • When you leave the El Paso Airport area, turn right onto Airway Blvd.
  • At the second stoplight, turn right onto Airport Road.
  • Continue on Airport Road to TX 601-Spur.
  • Use the left two lanes to take the TX-601 Spur West ramp.
  • Merge on to TX-601 Spur.
  • Use the right two lanes to merge onto US-54 East towards Alamorgordo, NM.
  • Take exit 31, Martin Luther King Jr Blvd.
  • Use left two lanes to turn onto Kenworthy Street.
  • Continue onto Farm to Market Rd 3255/Martin Luther King Jr Blvd.
  • Continue onto NM-213 North.
  • At the traffic circle, continue straight on NM-213 North/War Road.
  • Follow War Road approximately 30 miles to WSMR entrance gate.

Newly arriving Soldiers will report to the Military Personnel Division (MPD), located in Building 465, Room 134. Should you encounter any difficulties or have any questions upon your arrival, contact the Staff Duty Office, Bldg 1417, 575-678-8999. This office is open 24 hours, seven days a week. Personnel arriving after duty hours, report to the Staff Duty Office, Bldg 1417, Phone 575-678-8999.


Soldiers arriving at WSMR will receive a convenient and short in-processing. Enlisted soldiers PV1 through SFC can expect to in-process in 5 workdays, MSG through CSM and officers can expect 2-3 workdays to in-process.


All Soldiers are required to report to the MPD, Building 465, Room 134 for in-processing. You will need to present the following documents:


5 copies of orders with amendments (if applicable)
Leave Form, DA Form 31 (if applicable)
Military Personnel File (MPF), with SGLV and DD93
All finance records
Medical and dental records
Promotion packets of all SPC (E-4) and SGT (E-5) in promotion status
Copy of latest Officer Record Brief (ORB)/Enlisted Record Brief (ERB)


TRICARE Information and News


For a full list of community health centers, visit the Health Center Program at https://findahealthcenter.hrsa.gov/.


Check the US News Health directory online at https://health.usnews.com/doctors/search to find the best doctor for your family.


The American Dental Association provides a list of dentists near you on their website https://findadentist.ada.org/.


To be enrolled in a New Mexico school, a child must be at least 5 years old by September 1st. Check with the school for other requirements.


In 2010, the majority of states, the District of Columbia, and the Department of Defense Education Activity adopted Common Core State Standards that provide a consistent set of educational expectations for students, regardless of ZIP code. When a family moves, a student’s education is often disrupted because the student may be forced to repeat material or learn at a different level at the new school. With common standards across states, this disruption will be reduced — of particular interest to military families. For more information, visit http://www.corestandards.org/.


Las Cruces School District


If your child is preparing to attend college, this information on scholarships may be helpful.


Current service members can attend college in their off-duty time and have their military branch pay the tuition. Learn about the Military Tuition Assistance Program. Use the Tuition Assistance (TA) DECIDE tool to help you make the best use of your tuition assistance dollars.


​If you were or are in the military, you may be eligible for Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) education benefits. If you are a spouse or dependent, you may be eligible too.


Online course options: edX – Founded by Harvard University and MIT, offers high-quality courses from the world’s best universities and institutions to learners everywhere. Whether you are interested in computer science, languages, engineering, psychology, writing, electronics, biology, or marketing. Enroll today!

When moving to a new location, it is important to know who to call when you have an emergency or you need help. Below are some organizations you will find useful.


Child Care Aware:

Under the site’s “Child Care 101” tab you’ll find information related to locating quality child care, the types of child care available to you and how to evaluate the child care providers you visit. There’s also a special section for the military child on the website covering topics such as military fee assistance, payments and provider services.


Military Children and Teens Resource Guide



New Mexico Human Services Department (855) 227-5485
To ensure that every New Mexican who is entitled to benefits and support services receives them.


New Mexico Department of Health
Our mission is to promote health and wellness, improve health outcomes, and assure safety net services for all people in New Mexico.


New Mexico Humane Society (505) 255-5523


New Mexico State Police

Base Operator (575) 678-2121


Chaplain (575) 678-2615


Housing Services Office (575) 678-3155


Information and Referral (575) 678-2889


Suicide Prevention Hotline 1- 800 – 273 – 8255


For assistance with on-base housing contact the White Sands Missile Range Housing Office at (575) 674-2463 for more information.

Sonoma Ranch
17.4 miles from base

Sonoma Ranch is a safe, family-friendly neighborhood in Las Cruces, NM. The area has a golf course and restaurants nearby. There are many housing options for military families of White Sands Missile Range.

Submit information about your neighborhood

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In the White Sands Missile Range community, the summers are hot, the winters are short and cold, and it is dry and mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 95°F and is rarely below 21°F or above 102°F.


The hot season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 20 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is June 25, with an average high of 95°F and low of 68°F. The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 21 to February 17, with an average daily high temperature below 63°F. The coldest day of the year is January 4, with an average low of 31°F and high of 55°F.


The wetter season lasts 2.8 months, from June 29 to September 21, with a greater than 17% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 30% on August 3. The drier season lasts 9.2 months, from September 21 to June 29. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on April 12.

The average cost of living in White Sands, NM is 8% higher than the average of New Mexico and equal to our nation’s average. This simple outline of the cost of living index was formulated using prices of: goods and services (weighted 33%), housing prices (weighted 30%), groceries (weighted 13%), utilities (weighted 10%), transportation (weighted 9%), and health care (weighted 5%). Thus, goods/services, along with housing influences the majority of the cost of living index. The price of daily goods and services is a valuable and reliable number to be aware of when considering the general price of the city’s goods. In the case of White Sands, NM, the price of goods and services are 3% lower than the average of New Mexico as well as 9% lower than the nation’s average.

White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) is located in the Tularosa Basin of south-central New Mexico. The headquarters area is 20 miles east of Las Cruces, New Mexico and 45 miles north of El Paso, Texas. The area offers beautiful views and fun outdoor activities. White Sands National Monument is in the northern Chihuahuan Desert and is rich in natural and cultural history. It is known for its dramatic landscape of rare white gypsum sand dunes. Visitors can take advantage of the many hiking and driving trails, sled down the sand dunes, or camp in the backcountry.


Las Cruces, NM is a large metropolitan area and has a vibrant culture and beautiful natural surroundings. The area hosts many annual events and festivals, such as the Space Festival and Bataan Memorial Death March. The Death March is one of the Army’s largest memorial marches and is renowned as one of the toughest marathons in the United States. This trek through WSMR’s high desert terrain attracts thousands from across the nation and around the world each spring.


Some points of interest include the New Mexico Museum of Space History and IMAX Theater, White Sands Missile Range Museum and Missile Park, Lincoln National Forest, Alameda Park Zoo, Oliver Lee Memorial State Park, Dripping Springs Natural Area, and Las Cruces Farmers Market.

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