Army Star

White Sands Missile Range

United States Army Test and Evaluation Command
329 Owen Road, White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002

White Sands Missile Range

White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) is a United States Army military testing area that spans across 3,200 square miles and five counties in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico. The headquarters area is 20 miles east of Las Cruces, New Mexico and 45 miles north of El Paso, Texas.  WSMR is the DoD’s largest, fully-instrumented, open air range. On 9 July 1945, the White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long range rockets. Just seven days later, the first atomic bomb test, code named Trinity, was exploded at Trinity Site near the northern boundary of the range.


The mission of White Sands Missile Range is to provide America’s Armed Forces, allies, partners, and defense technology innovators with the world’s premiere research, development, test, evaluation (RDT&E), experimentation, and training facilities to ensure our nation’s defense readiness.


The White Sands Test Center has branches for Manned Tactical Systems & Electromagnetic Radiation and conducts missile testing and range recovery operations. There are several other operations on WSMR land including the Launch Abort Flight Test Complex for the Orion Project, White Sands Launch Complex 37, built for Nike Hercules tests, White Sands Launch Complex 38, built for Nike Zeus tests with Launch Control Building, WSMR Main Post that encompasses the housing area, golf course, Navy Area, and Technical Area, WSMR Museum, White Sands Hall of Fame, DoD Centers for Countermeasures (CCM), NASA White Sands Test Facility’s ground station, and the North Oscura Peak facility of the AFRL Directed Energy Directorate.

Arriving at White Sands Missile Range

The closest airport is El Paso International Airport located approximately 114 miles from Headquarters.


Directions from El Paso International Airport:

  • When you leave the El Paso Airport area, turn right onto Airway Blvd.
  • At the second stoplight, turn right onto Airport Road.
  • Continue on Airport Road to TX 601-Spur.
  • Use the left two lanes to take the TX-601 Spur West ramp.
  • Merge on to TX-601 Spur.
  • Use the right two lanes to merge onto US-54 East towards Alamorgordo, NM.
  • Take exit 31, Martin Luther King Jr Blvd.
  • Use left two lanes to turn onto Kenworthy Street.
  • Continue onto Farm to Market Rd 3255/Martin Luther King Jr Blvd.
  • Continue onto NM-213 North.
  • At the traffic circle, continue straight on NM-213 North/War Road.
  • Follow War Road approximately 30 miles to WSMR entrance gate.

Newly arriving Soldiers will report to the Military Personnel Division (MPD), located in Building 465, Room 134. Should you encounter any difficulties or have any questions upon your arrival, contact the Staff Duty Office, Bldg 1417, 575-678-8999. This office is open 24 hours, seven days a week. Personnel arriving after duty hours, report to the Staff Duty Office, Bldg 1417, Phone 575-678-8999.


Soldiers arriving at WSMR will receive a convenient and short in-processing. Enlisted soldiers PV1 through SFC can expect to in-process in 5 workdays, MSG through CSM and officers can expect 2-3 workdays to in-process.


All Soldiers are required to report to the MPD, Building 465, Room 134 for in-processing. You will need to present the following documents:

5 copies of orders with amendments (if applicable)
Leave Form, DA Form 31 (if applicable)
Military Personnel File (MPF), with SGLV and DD93
All finance records
Medical and dental records
Promotion packets of all SPC (E-4) and SGT (E-5) in promotion status
Copy of latest Officer Record Brief (ORB)/Enlisted Record Brief (ERB)

Base Population
There are approximately 5,900 Active Duty, Reserve, Guard, military families, civilians, and retirees assigned to White Sands Missile Range.